Module 5: Wikipedia Article First ever special Forces Unit: The Devil’s Brigade
For this post I will be focusing on the Origins of the first ever Special Forces Unit.
Origin: The Devil’s Brigade, also known as the “Black Devils” or the “original inglorious bastards”, was a World War II joint American-Canadian unit. The Devil’s Brigade is widely known as the world’s first Special Forces Unit. The idea of a Special Forces unit was started by an English scientist named Geoffrey Pyke, whose bizarre thoughts lead to the formation of the Devil’s Brigade.
Geoffrey had the vision of an elite and specialized unit with the capabilities to fight behind enemy lines in difficult weather conditions. Geoffrey wanted a unit to lead a number of “sabotage” attacks against Norwegian Power stations with the hopes that this would drive Axis1 Powers out and give the Allies2 a direct route to Russia. Geoffrey was working for the British Forces at the time and proposed the idea to Chief Louis Mountbatten, who was leader of British Combined Operations Command3. Due to high demands on the British Industry, the project was given to the United States.
The mission to occupy enemy troops and attack power stations in Norway was later dropped by Lieutenant Colonel Robert T. Frederick of the US Army, who was in charge of this newly formed unit. However, the idea for a Special Forces unit were still in fruition.
Training for the “Devil’s Brigade” took place in Helena Montana. Lieutenant-Colonel McQueen of Canada was second in command and the Unit added members from the Canadian Army. Training took place from July 1942 to 1943. Hopes for this task force remained the same: An elite squad of highly trained individuals who could fight behind enemy lines and bring down German forces would drastically help end World War II.
With the insurgence of a number of volunteers ranging from rangers to lumber jacks The Devil’s Brigade was born. Under the training of Lieutenant-Colonel McQueen and Lieutenant Colonel Robert T. Frederick of the US Army, each member became experts in stealth and hand to hand combat. This legendary Unit paved the way for modern day units in America and Canada. The name “Devil’s Brigade” was given to them by Nazis. “The troop were so feared by the Nazis that they earned the nickname the ‘Devil’s Brigade’ because of their painted faces and stealth tactics.” The real Inglourious Basterds: Feared Devil’s Brigade commandos who wreaked havoc behind enemy lines in WW2 to be honored by Congress by Sam Matthew.
Axis Powers1: The coalition headed by Germany, Italy, and Japan that opposed the Allied powers in World War II.
Allied Powers2: In World War II the chief Allied powers were Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union the United States and China. They opposed Axis Powers.
British Combined Operations Command3: Department of British War office set up to stop German and other Axis powers during WWII.
http://www.mysteriesofcanada.com/military/devils-brigade/ Article Name: The Devil’s Brigade, First Special Service Force Author: Bruce Ricketts
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2937618/The-special-forces-Inspirational-pictures-commando-squad-Devil-s-Brigade-wreaked-havoc-enemy-lines-honored-70-years.html Article Name: The real Inglourious Basterds: Feared Devil’s Brigade commandos who wreaked havoc behind enemy lines in WW2 to be honored by Congress Author: Sam Matthew
http://www.canadiansoldiers.com/organization/specialforces/1ssf.htm Article Name: First Special Service Force
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